How to Calculate Your CGPA in Nigerian Institutions

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How to Calculate Your CGPA in Nigerian Institutions

It is of the greatest importance that all students in tertiary institutions, especially New students (Freshers) know and learn how to calculate his/her CGPA whenever results are released each semester and also to know how also calculate the cumulative at the end of an individual session.

This process will help a student evaluate his/her academic performance from time to time and make improvements where necessary and this will help to boost one’s academic performance in terms of grades

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The CGPA measure in Universities in Nigeria the student performance in a particular semester’s examinations and also assessments.

For courses, subjects, modules are grouped into letter Grading (L.Grade) ranging (from A, B, C, D, E, to F but grade E is no longer available in federal universities

e.g., Uniuyo) which stands for a range of score or marks a student in a university can obtain. An individual grade point is allocated to these grades as shown below.

Marks/Score L. Grade Grade Point (GP)
70% and Above A 5.00
60 – 69 B 4.00
50 – 59 C 3.00
45 – 49 D 2.00
40 – 44 E 1.00
0 – 39 F 0.00

How to Calculate Your CGPA in Nigerian Institutions

How to Calculate Your GPA

All Courses, subject, module goes with a fixed number of Credit Units (CU). Quality points (QP) are derived by multiplying Credit Unit (CU) for a particular course by the Grade Point (GP) which a student earns in that course.

For Example: A 3 Credit Unit course, an individual scores 63% being a B with a Grade Point 4, the Quality points for the individual in the course would be 3 x 4 = 12. Grade Point Average (GPA) is derived by dividing Total Quality point (TQP) for the semester by the sum Total Credit Unit (TCU) for that semester.

For Example: If in a given semester, a student has 56 quality points for 18 Credit Units, the student’s GPA would be gotten by doing these 56/18 = 3.11.

A students Cumulative Grade Point Average (CGPA) is derived by adding the Total Quality Points (TQP) for previous  semesters till date and also dividing by the Total Credit Units (TCU) for previous semesters till date.

For Example: If an individual earns a QP of 56 for 18 CU in his/her first semester and earns QP of 67 for 20 CU in the second semester, His/her CGPA is TQP/TCU = (56 + 67) / (18 + 20) = 123/38 =3.24
Below is a summary of the whole Process

1st Year, 1st Semester

Course Code Credit Unit (CU) Letter Grade Grade Point (GP) Quality Point (QP) = CU x GP
DDC 100 3 B 4 12
API 101 2 C 3 6
CPU 102 1 C 3 3
WWD 103 4 B 4 16
DOI 104 5 A 5 25
SEM 105 2 D 2 4
Total 17   66

 

QP = 66, CU = 17, TQP = 66, TCU = 17
GPA = QP/CU = 66/17 = 3.88
CGPA = TQP/TCU = 66/17 = 3.88

1st Year, 2nd  Semester

Course Code Credit Unit (CU) Letter Grade Grade Point (GP) Quality Point (QP) = CU x GP
DDC 106 5 E 1 5
API 107 4 D 2 8
CPU 108 5 B 4 20
WWD 109 3 F 0 0
DOI 110 3 A 5 15
Total 20   48

 

QP = 48, CU = 20, TQP = 66 + 48 = 114, TCU = 17 + 20 = 37
GPA = QP/CU = 48/20 = 2.40
CGPA = TQP/TCU = 114/37 = 3.08

This Process is repeated for incoming years until your final year in the university (graduation).

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